Toyota Land Cruiser 100/Amazon, Lexus LX 470

since 1997 release

Repair and operation of the car



Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, Lexus LX470
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and methods of safe operation of the car
+ Settings and routine maintenance of the car
- Engine
   - Typical procedures of service of engines
      Preparatory actions and the list of repair procedures which can be executed without extraction of the engine from the car
      Reduction of the piston of the first cylinder in the provision of the top dead point (TDP)
      Check of pressure of oil
      Check of compression pressure in cylinders
   + Procedures of service of the petrol engine
   + Procedures of service of the diesel engine
+ Cooling systems of the engine, heating of salon and air conditioning
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear shifting box
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment





Check of compression pressure in cylinders

Results of check of compression pressure in cylinders allow to define the general condition of components of the top part of the engine (pistons, piston rings, valves, laying of a head of cylinders, etc.) and to qualitatively estimate degree of their wear. What is especially important, the analysis of information obtained as a result of check allows to narrow a range of the possible reasons of falling of a compression in cylinders, having rather precisely tied refusal to violations of functioning of quite concrete components, whether it be piston rings, valves, their saddles or laying of a head.

The engine has to be heated-up up to the normal working temperature, and the rechargeable battery is completely charged.

Petrol engine

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Begin with a clearing of candle niches (blow them compressed air as which source in this case the ordinary bicycle pump perfectly will approach). The main objective is prevention of hit of garbage in cylinders during performance of measurements.
2. Turn out from the engine all spark plugs (see the Head Nastroyki and routine maintenance of the car).
3. Record a butterfly valve in completely open situation.
4. Disconnect system of ignition For what take IGN safety lock from the assembly block (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine). Also disconnect an electrical wiring from the fuel pump (see the Head of the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases).
5. Establish компрессиометр in a candle opening of the first cylinder.
6. Turn the engine at least on seven steps of compression and consider the indication of the measuring instrument. On the serviceable engine pressure has to increase quickly enough. The low pressure on the first step which is followed by its gradual increase on the subsequent speaks about wear of piston rings. If at a further provorachivaniye of a shaft pressure does not rise, it can be regarded as the evidence of leakages of valves or violation of tightness of laying of a head of cylinders (also the probability of existence of cracks in a head is not excluded). The congestion of deposits on working facets of plates of valves can also lead to decrease in compression pressure. Write down the maximum indication of a kompressiometr.
7. Repeat the procedure for the remained engine cylinders. Compare results to standard requirements (see Specifications).
8. At excessively low results of measurement, fill in in each of cylinders through a candle opening of a little motive oil (two-three teaspoons) and repeat check.
9. If addition of oil leads to increase in pressure, it speaks about wear of piston rings. If the compression does not increase, leakages of valves or violation of tightness of laying of a head are the reason of its decrease. Leakages of valves can be connected with a burn-out of their saddles, either a deformation/burn-out or mechanical damages of working facets.
10. If pressure of compression is equally underestimated in two next cylinders, then with high degree of probability it is possible to speak about violation of integrity of laying of a head within its crossing point between these cylinders. Presence of cooling liquid at motive oil will confirm this assumption.
11. If pressure in one of cylinders is about 20% lower, than in other and it is followed by violation of stability of turns of idling, it is necessary to estimate degree of wear of cams of the drive of the corresponding valves on the camshaft.
12. Unusual overestimate of compression pressure usually is a consequence of an excessive nagaroobrazovaniye in combustion chambers. In this case the head of cylinders has to be removed for the purpose of carrying out decarbonization.
13. At excessively low results of measurements, and also in case of violation of uniformity of distribution of pressure between cylinders it will be useful to hold testing of the engine for leaks in the conditions of a workshop of car service. Such check will allow to define precisely a source of leak and to estimate degree of its gravity.
14. Establish into place safety locks and make on the car a short trip for the purpose of restoration of the adjusting parameters which are written down in the processor memory.

Diesel engine

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Measurement of compression pressure in cylinders of the diesel engine is performed by the same principle, as on the petrol engine, however the manometer is installed instead of a fuel nozzle. Removal of nozzles is described in the Head of the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases.

When conducting check other 5 nozzles have to be established.