Toyota Land Cruiser 100/Amazon, Lexus LX 470

since 1997 release

Repair and operation of the car

Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, Lexus LX470
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and methods of safe operation of the car
+ Settings and routine maintenance of the car
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems of the engine, heating of salon and air conditioning
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear shifting box
- Transmission line
   Driveshafts and hinges - the general information
   Check of a condition of the transmission line
   Removal and installation of the driveshaft
   Replacement of cardan hinges
   Driving shaft / half shafts, - the general information and check of a state
   Removal and installation of half shafts, bearings and epiploons of the back bridge
   Replacement of an epiploon of the leading gear wheel of differential
   Removal and installation of assembly of the back bridge
   Removal and installation of power shafts
   Replacement of protective covers and service of CV JOINTS
   Removal and installation of assembly of forward differential
   Removal and installation of naves with the switched-off drive
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment


Driving shaft / half shafts, general information and check of a state

General information

Zadny Bridge of the car has a gipoidny design of the semi-unloaded type (the axis of the leading gear wheel passes below an axis of the conducted gear wheel of the main transfer). During commission of turns the differential provides to an external wheel a possibility of rotation with greater speed, than the speed of rotation of an internal wheel. The internal ends of half shafts are equipped with the vents entering gearing with vents of naves of side gear wheels of differential, therefore, during commission of turns internal (on turn radius) the side gear wheel also rotates more slowly than external. Planetary assembly at the same time begins to rotate in a differential box. The differential is placed in the cast case equipped with a stamped cover and which received the name of the holder. Steel pipes of half shafts are pressed in the holder and scalded.

On all-wheel drive models completely independent forward suspension bracket is used. The bridge is formed by assembly of differential and couple of power shafts equipped with the internal and external hinges of equal angular speeds (HEAS).

On some models the back bridge is equipped with the blocked differential of limited sliding. Such differential works in the mode of usual planetary assembly until one of wheels does not begin to revolve. Pair of conic couplings which are slowing down rotation of a box of differential in a similar situation are a part of assembly. The difference of angular speeds of rotation of wheels taking place leads to increase of load of satellites of planetary assembly which via the conic coupling jointed with a half shaft is transferred to the wheel which is in gearing with a paving.


Often suspicions on failure of components of one of bridges are unreasonable, and a source of emergence of the symptoms taking place lies in violation of serviceability of functioning absolutely of other components of the car. Try to assess with all attentiveness a situation, serially excepting all possible causes of failure.

Emergence of the listed below characteristic foreign sounds often mistakenly is associated with violation of serviceability of functioning of the drive of wheels:

  1. The noise caused by friction of a protector about a paving surface. Compare the noise background arising at movement along roads with a different covering. Besides, road noise does not change at the movement on transfer and a setup;
  2. The noise published during the operation of the engine and transmission are well carried out by components of the transmission line which is in gearing with these units. Try to remember engine turns at which noise reach the maximum intensity, then park the car, transfer transmission to neutral situation and accelerate the engine to the same turns if sounds renew, therefore, the drive of wheels has no relation to their emergence.

In view of need of use of special tools, performance of recovery repair of differential will be more correct to be charged to specialists of car service. Descriptions of procedures of removal and installation of half shafts / power shafts, replacements of epiploons of differential, replacement of bearings and dismantle of all assembly of the drive of wheels for the purpose of performance of its recovery repair or replacement are provided in the following Sections of the present Chapter.

When replacing assembly of the back bridge it is necessary to use information which is contained in the identification code which is beaten out from the forward party of the right section of a case of assembly. By a code the permissible load is defined on the bridge, differential type, date and the place of production of assembly.