Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, Lexus LX470
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and methods of safe operation of the car
- Settings and routine maintenance of the car
Schedule of routine maintenance
General information about settings and adjustments
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
Check of level of the AT working liquid
Check of level of liquid of the power steering
Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
Check, service and charging of a battery room
Check of a condition of components of the cooling system
Check of a state and replacement of the hoses located in a motive compartment
Check of a state and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Rotation of wheels
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
Greasing of components of the chassis
Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
Check of level of lubricant in the transfer case
Check of level of lubricant of differential
Check of a condition of seat belts
Check and adjustment of turns of idling
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check and replacement of the valve of system of the operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
Replacement of the filtering air cleaner element
Check of a state, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of driving belts
Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
Check of the brake system
Adjustment of height of situation and free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
Check of a state and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
Check and adjustment of gaps of valves
Replacement of the fuel filter
Check and service of the conditioner of air (K/V)
Service of the cooling system
Check of a state, stuffing by lubricant and adjustment of forward naves and wheel bearings
Replacement of ATF of automatic transmission and main transfer
Replacement of lubricant of the transfer case
Differential lubricant replacement
Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system of recirculation of the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ Cooling systems of the engine, heating of salon and air conditioning
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear shifting box
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Check of a state and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
If original candles after check of a state are established on the engine again, they have to be rolled strictly in former cylinders – make the corresponding marking.
Tools necessary at replacement of spark plugs
1. The candle head — Is equipped with the special soft insert excluding a possibility of casual damage of the porcelain insulator at a candle reversing.
2. A dynamometer key — without being obligatory, provides a reliable guarantee of correctness of effort of tightening of spark plugs.
3. The ratchet drive — Is used in a set with a candle head and a dynamometer key.
4. The extender — Depending on model and a complete set access to spark plugs can be limited by its auxiliary units in various degree therefore use of extenders of the corresponding form and design will allow to facilitate implementation of the procedure considerably.
5. The tool for measurement and correction of interelectrode gaps of spark plugs — Is issued several types of this sort of tools – make sure that the tool is completed with the probe corresponding by the size to gaps of candles of your car.
In most cases replacement of spark plugs requires existence of a special candle head (with a soft insert inside) complete with the ratchet drive, and also a set of extenders of the drive of a key and the tool for check and correction of interelectrode gaps (see an illustration above). For a safe detachment of tips of VV of wires from shafts of spark plugs the special tool is also issued though its application and is not strictly obligatory. Use of a dynamometer key will allow to achieve the correct effort of tightening of candles.
It is the most correct to keep constantly in the car a set of replaceable spark plugs with the correct image the adjusted interelectrode gap. Upon purchase of new candles you watch that they met for the parameters the requirements of the engine of your car. Necessary information is provided in Specifications to the present Chapter, and also on VECI label fixed under a cowl (in case of discrepancies preference should be given to requirements of the last).
|1. Start a reversing of candles only after full cooling of the engine. Not to waste in vain time, use a pause for check of a condition of a replaceable set. Attentively examine new candles, at identification of the slightest cracks in the insulator the corresponding candle has to be rejected. Measure the size of interelectrode gaps of a new set (see further).
|2a. The interelectrode gap of a candle is checked by introduction to it of the corresponding probe of the measuring instrument and has to conform to the requirements given on VECI label (see also Specifications to the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine). The required thickness the probe has to with an easy resistance slip between side and central electrodes of a candle (address an accompanying illustration).
|2b. Correction of a gap can be made by means of the special adaptation which is usually a part of the measuring instrument turn in appropriately side electrode of a candle (address an accompanying illustration).
3. If the side electrode is located not precisely over central, correct its situation as appropriate. Make sure of lack of cracks and other damages to the porcelain insulator of a candle. Existence of any sort of defects of the insulator is inadmissible.
| 1. In order to avoid violation of an order of ignition at connection of coils it is necessary to make service of each of candles in an individual order. Disconnect the coil from a spark plug of the first cylinder, do not pull for a wire at all!
2. In the presence of near at hand source of compressed air, use it for removal of garbage from candle niches of the engine (the ordinary bicycle pump will be suitable for this purpose also not worse).
On models with the engine 2UZ-FE with the ignition coils located over candles for the purpose of ensuring access to candles it is necessary to remove from a cover of a head of cylinders all assembly (see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine).
3. Turn out a spark plug.
When using compressed air do not forget to put on goggles!
4. Verify the turned-out candle with the ID card given below that will allow to estimate the general condition of the engine qualitatively.
|1a. Before rolling new candles, slightly grease their carving part with the anti-taking sealant (address an accompanying illustration). Manually acquire one of new candles in the corresponding opening in the engine. Having made sure that the candle is not warped in a carving, tighten it with the required effort (in the presence of near at hand dynamometer key).
2. Rotary progress put the coil on a spark plug shaft.
|1b. For simplification of the procedure of a nazhivleniye of a candle pull a piece of a flexible fuel hose on its shaft (address an accompanying illustration). At the same time the probability of failure of a carving as at the slightest zakusyvaniye the hose will begin to be turned simply is excluded.
3. Repeat the procedure for the remained spark plugs.
Card of a condition of spark plugs
Normal state of a candle
Symptoms: Gray-brown color and easy wear of electrodes. The Kalilny number of candles corresponds to type of the engine and its general state.
Recommendations: When replacing candles establish candles of the same type.
Symptoms: A rounding off of electrodes with a small congestion of deposits on the working end. Color is normal. Leads to difficulty of start of the engine in cold damp weather and to increase in fuel consumption.
Recommendations: Change candles on new, the same type.
Symptoms: Availability of soot indicates reenrichment of fuel-air mix or weak intensity of a spark. Causes admissions of ignition, complicates start and results in instability of operation of the engine.
Recommendations: Whether check the air cleaner is hammered whether fuel level in the float-operated camera is not too high, whether the air gate is jammed and whether contacts are not too worn-out. Try to use candles with longer insulator that increases the resilience to pollution.
Symptoms: Soft deposits of brownish color on one or both electrodes of a candle. A source of their education are the applied additives to oil and/or fuel. Excessive accumulation can lead to isolation of electrodes and cause admissions of ignition and unstable operation of the engine at acceleration.
Recommendations: At bystry accumulation of deposits change maslootrazhatelny caps that will prevent hit of oil in combustion chambers. Try to replace fuel brand.
Symptoms: Oiling of a candle is caused by wear of maslootrazhatelny caps. Oil gets to the combustion chamber through worn-out guides of valves or piston rings. Causes admissions of ignition, complicates start and results in instability of operation of the engine.
Recommendations: Perform mechanical recovery work and replace candles.
Short circuit of electrodes
Symptoms: Waste of products of combustion gets to interelectrode space. Firm deposits accumulate, forming a crossing point between electrodes. Leads to refusal of ignition in the cylinder.
Recommendations: Remove deposits from interelectrode space.
Symptoms: Porous, white insulator, erosion of electrodes and lack of any deposits. Leads to reduction of service life of a candle.
Recommendations: Check whether the kalilny number of the established candles conforms to requirements of Specifications, whether the ignition advancing corner is correctly exposed, whether too poor fuel-air mix moves, whether there is no leak of vacuum of the inlet pipeline and whether valves are jammed. Check also the level of a cooler and whether the radiator is corked.
Too early ignition
Symptoms: Electrodes are melted off. The insulator has white color, but maybe is polluted owing to admissions of ignition or hit in combustion chambers of foreign particles. Can lead to an engine exit out of operation.
Recommendations: Check kalilny number of the established candles, an ignition advancing corner, quality of mix (whether it is not too grown poor) whether the cooling system is corked and whether the lubrication system normally functions.
Symptoms: The insulator has yellowish color and the polished appearance. Speaks about sudden temperature increase in combustion chambers at sharp acceleration. Usual deposits at the same time are melted off, taking a form of a varnish covering. Leads to admissions of ignition at high speeds of the movement.
Recommendations: Replace candles (colder, at preservation of a manner of driving).
Symptoms: Insulators can be chopped off or burst. Also inaccurate technology of adjustment of a candle gap can lead to damage of the insulator. Can lead to damage of pistons.
Symptoms: Can be caused by hit of foreign materials in the combustion chamber or arise at blow of the piston about too long candle. Lead to refusal of functioning of the cylinder and to damage of the piston.
Recommendations: Remove foreign particles from the engine and/or replace. As service life of candles usually makes 15 000 km, it is enough to clear of them through each 8000 km of a run.
Symptoms: After admissions of ignition during a long period of adjournment can be loosened at preservation of working temperature in the combustion chamber. At high speeds of adjournment in flakes come off the piston and stick to the hot isolation center, causing admissions of ignition.
Recommendations: Replace candles or smooth out and establish into place old.