Toyota Land Cruiser 100/Amazon, Lexus LX 470

since 1997 release

Repair and operation of the car

Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, Lexus LX470
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and methods of safe operation of the car
- Settings and routine maintenance of the car
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
   Check of level of the AT working liquid
   Check of level of liquid of the power steering
   Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
   Check, service and charging of a battery room
   Check of a condition of components of the cooling system
   Check of a state and replacement of the hoses located in a motive compartment
   Check of a state and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
   Greasing of components of the chassis
   Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of level of lubricant in the transfer case
   Check of level of lubricant of differential
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of the operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
   Replacement of the filtering air cleaner element
   Check of a state, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of driving belts
   Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
   Check of the brake system
   Adjustment of height of situation and free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
   Check of a state and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
   Check and adjustment of gaps of valves
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Check and service of the conditioner of air (K/V)
   Service of the cooling system
   Check of a state, stuffing by lubricant and adjustment of forward naves and wheel bearings
   Replacement of ATF of automatic transmission and main transfer
   Replacement of lubricant of the transfer case
   Differential lubricant replacement
   Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
   Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system of recirculation of the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems of the engine, heating of salon and air conditioning
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear shifting box
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment


Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating

The conscientious attitude to regular check of a condition of tires will allow the driver to avoid the annoying delays connected with a wheel exit out of operation during the movement. Besides, on the nature of wear of protectors it is possible to reveal beforehand the development which is at a stage defects of components of a suspension bracket and the steering drive (address an illustration below).



1. Being included in a basic equipment of the cars considered in the present manual the wheels equipped with the special indicator tapes having width about 13 mm and which are shown on a protector pattern at wear of the last to an admissible limit enter. The minimum admissible depth of a protector makes 1.5 mm. It is possible to estimate degree of wear of a protector by means of special inexpensive adaptation (address an accompanying illustration) – ask in shops of automobile accessories.

2. Pay attention to any signs of uneven wear of a protector. Such local defects as a cup-shaped wipe, flattening, etc., are usually obliged by the emergence to violations of angles of installation of forward wheels, or balancing of the last. For identification and elimination of malfunctions the car should be driven away in a specialized workshop of car service or on car repair shop.
3. Attentively examine tires of all wheels on existence of cuts, punctures and the foreign objects which got stuck in flutes of a pattern of a protector. Sometimes the punched wheel during even some time continues to hold in itself air in view of the fact that the subject which punctured the tire continues to remain thrust in it. Defect of the nipple of the gate of a rating of a wheel can be the reason of slow sinking of the tire, check a condition of the nipple. Attentively examine a protector on existence of signs of violation of tightness of landing of repair "traffic jams" by means of which repair of small punctures of the tire is made. It is rather simple to make sure available a puncture, – it is enough to moisten the suspected site of a surface of the tire with solution of soap water – if the puncture takes place, solution will begin to bubble. Punctures, insignificant in size, usually easily are eliminated in tire workshops.
4. Attentively examine internal walls of tires of all four wheels on existence of potek of brake fluid on them. In case of identification of those immediately check a condition of the corresponding brake mechanisms and the hydraulic lines connected to them.
5. Support of the required pressure of a rating of tires will allow to prolong significantly service life of wheels, besides, will provide the maximum comfort at the movement and will not allow to reduce controllability of the car. Remember that correctly it is almost impossible to measure pressure in the tire by eye, in particular, if it is about tires of a radial design. It is necessary to hold constantly near at hand the suitable manometer, – okazaniye of measuring instruments of compressors of pumping on gas stations and car repair shops should not be trusted.
6. Check pressure of a rating of tires at cold wheels, it is meant that the car passed no more than one mile within the last three hours. Remember that increase in pressure upon 0.3 – 0.6 kgfs/cm 2 as a result of a warming up of a wheel is quite natural phenomenon.
7. Remove a protective cap from the wheel rating gate and densely press a manometer nozzle to an exhaust outlet of the gate, having wrung out a nipple rod. Consider the read instrument and compare it to standard data, in case of need correct pressure.
8. Do not forget to screw on the place a protective cap of the gate in order to avoid hit in the nipple of moisture and dirt. Check pressure in all wheels, including spare.

Pressure of a rating of the spare wheel of compact type is usually much higher, than at usual wheels.