Toyota Land Cruiser 100/Amazon, Lexus LX 470
since 1997 release
Repair and operation of the car
Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, Lexus LX470
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and methods of safe operation of the car
- Settings and routine maintenance of the car
Schedule of routine maintenance
General information about settings and adjustments
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
Check of level of the AT working liquid
Check of level of liquid of the power steering
Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
Check, service and charging of a battery room
Check of a condition of components of the cooling system
Check of a state and replacement of the hoses located in a motive compartment
Check of a state and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Rotation of wheels
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
Greasing of components of the chassis
Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
Check of level of lubricant in the transfer case
Check of level of lubricant of differential
Check of a condition of seat belts
Check and adjustment of turns of idling
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check and replacement of the valve of system of the operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
Replacement of the filtering air cleaner element
Check of a state, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of driving belts
Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
Check of the brake system
Adjustment of height of situation and free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
Check of a state and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
Check and adjustment of gaps of valves
Replacement of the fuel filter
Check and service of the conditioner of air (K/V)
Service of the cooling system
Check of a state, stuffing by lubricant and adjustment of forward naves and wheel bearings
Replacement of ATF of automatic transmission and main transfer
Replacement of lubricant of the transfer case
Differential lubricant replacement
Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system of recirculation of the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ Cooling systems of the engine, heating of salon and air conditioning
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear shifting box
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Check of levels of liquids
Various liquids play a role of working bodies in lubrication systems, coolings, braking, heating and air conditioning, washing of glasses, etc. In view of the fact that all liquids are subject to fluidifying and development eventually, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their full replacement periodically. Before starting adjustment of level or replacement, study the list of the grades of liquids recommended for use in the car (see Specifications to the present Chapter).
Check of level of motive oil is made by means of the measuring probe passed throughout the directing tube and the pallet of its case lowered in the engine to the lower point. Location of the measuring probe is shown on illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car.
Check of level of oil has to be made before the first in the present day trip, or about 15 minutes later after an engine stop. If to execute check immediately after switching off of the engine, its results will adequately not reflect a situation as a part of oil will be distributed on internal galleries and components of the engine.
Check of level of motive oil is the important preventive procedure of service of the engine.
Continuous decrease in level demonstrates existence of leak of oil as a result of failure of epiploons, damage of sealing laying, wear of piston rings or the directing plugs of valves. If oil on color or a consistence reminds milk, or at it there are water drops, it speaks about possible damage of laying of a head of cylinders, or formation of cracks to a body of a head(s) or the block of cylinders. Check has to be made immediately. During measurement of level of oil always check also its state. Big and index fingers remove oil traces from a probe edge, – in case of presence at it of small metal particles oil is subject to replacement (see the Section Replacement of Motive Oil and Oil Filter).
Cooling liquid of the engine
All models of cars described in the present manual are equipped with the cooling system of compensation type working with an excessive pressure. The broad tank of the cooling system made of translucent plastic is located in a forward part of a motive compartment (address illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car) and connected by an overflow hose to the basis of a jellied mouth of a radiator. At warming up of the engine cooling liquid extends, and its surplus flows via the valve which is built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, liquid comes back on a hose in a radiator that allows to support constantly normal its level in system.
Level of cooling liquid in a broad tank is checked on a regular basis and has to be supported between the marks FULL and LOW put on a stack of the tank manufactured of translucent plastic. It is necessary to remember that the level of cooling liquid depends on its temperature therefore it has to be in a cold state only slightly above lower (LOW), and after warming up of the engine – to be taken away to the mark FULL. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, having added in a tank through a mouth the required quantity is fresher than mix.
Continuous falling of level of cooling liquid usually demonstrates development of leaks in system. Check for existence of traces of leaks a radiator, connecting hoses and their collars, a cover of a jellied mouth, laying of a cover of a radiator, drain traffic jams and the case of the water pump. If it is not possible to reveal any signs of leaks, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator pressure in the conditions of a workshop of car service.
In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait for full cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly turn off a cover to the first emphasis. If at the same time there is steam emission, let's the engine cool down a little more, only after it finally uncover.
Besides level always check also a condition of cooling liquid, – it has to be rather transparent. If cooling liquid is painted in henna-red color of a rust, the cooling system has to be emptied, washed out and filled with fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if liquid externally is not exposed to any changes, the corrosion inhibitors which are its part are exposed eventually to development therefore cooling liquid has to be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see the Section Schedule of Routine Maintenance).
Try not to allow hits of antifreeze on open sites of skin or the painted surfaces of body components. Immediately wash away casual splashes a plentiful amount of water.
Liquid for washing of a windshield
Liquid for washing of a windshield is filled in in the special tank manufactured of plastic located in a forward part of a motive compartment of the car (address illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car). Some models are equipped also with systems of washing of back glass and the head headlights which are a component of system of washing of a windshield. In regions with a temperate climate as liquid for washing of glass clear water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of compensation of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At operation of the car in severe climatic conditions it is necessary to fill in only patent screen wipers providing the corresponding decrease in a freezing point of liquid in the tank. In order to avoid frosting of glass when washing in cold weather previously warm up it by an obduv the air passed via the heater heat exchanger.
Electrolyte of the rechargeable battery
The cars considered in the present manual are completed with the battery of tight type which is not needing service in which case only air vents are provided.
If in use the vehicle the battery for any reason was replaced with usual (served), once a month follows at least, than, to check electrolyte level in its banks for what it is necessary to remove the top control/jellied traffic jams. Especially attentively it is necessary to watch electrolyte level in warm season. For adjustment of level of electrolyte it is necessary to use only the distilled water.
Working liquid of the brake system
The Main Brake Cylinder (MBC) is fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes (address illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car).